October 23, 2021

Types of the Messiah - Edwards - V

Required reading

Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph 'With respect to the legal sacrifices, the evidence that they were types of the Messiah is very strong; which will appear if we consider the following things.'

My summary
This week we read about types of the Messiah from:
(i) the restoration of the Jews;
(ii) the exiles;
(iii) barren women;
(iv) the names of principal people;
(v) the enemies of the Messiah;
(vi) sin;
(vii) the Israelite army;
(viii) prophecies of the kingdom;
(ix) persons like Moses, Melchizedek, Joshua and Zerubbabel;
(x) the ceremonial law.

What grabbed me
I liked the comments on the link of the ceremonial law to the Messiah:

'If the things of the ceremonial law were pleasing to God, and were not pleasing on their own account, or by reason of any thing that God saw in them; then it must be on account of something else that they represent, and because they some way stand in stead of them. For instance, when God went out through the land of Egypt to smite the first-born, and saw the blood of the paschal lamb on the door-posts of a house, it is represented as being something pleasing to God, for the sake of which he would spare the inhabitants of that house. But the Old Testament reveals, that blood was not at all pleasing on its own account. For that declares that God hath no delight in the blood of beasts; and therefore the way in which it was something pleasing to God, must be its being something which represented or stood in stead of something that was truly in itself pleasing. So the sweet savour that was made in offering incense is spoken of as something sweet and pleasant to God; and a white clean garment as something pure, and so pleasing to God. But we know that these things were not pleasant or acceptable on their own account, and therefore it must be only as related to something else that was so. But in what way is a sweet smell related to any thing really sweet to God, except as it is a type, or has some signification of it? And which way has the purity of a garment any relation to spiritual purity, but as it has a representation of it?'

The shadows are only pleasing to God because of the substance.

Next week's reading
Conclude Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here).'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

October 16, 2021

Types of the Messiah - Edwards - IV

Required reading

Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'I shall mention but one thing more under this head of things that we have an account of in the history of the Old Testament, remarkably agreeing with things said in prophecies relating to the Messiah’s kingdom and redemption; and that is, the return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity.'

My summary
Today we read of types of the Messiah in the life of Solomon including:
(i) his name;
(ii) his ascent to the throne;
(iii) his people;
(iv) his effect on other nations.

What grabbed me
I enjoyed the connection of peace between Solomon and the Messiah: 'The things that are said of Solomon fall little, if any thing, short of those that are said of David, in their remarkable agreement with things said of the Messiah in the prophecies. His name Solomon, signifies peace or peaceable, and was given him by God himself, from respect to the signification, because he should enjoy peace, and be a means of peace to God’s people. 1 Chron. xxii. 9. “Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about. For his name shall be Solomon; and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.” This is agreeable to Isa. ix. 6, 7. “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder; and his name shall be called The Prince of Peace: of the increase of his peace there shall be no end.” Psal. cx. “Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedec,” who as the apostle observes, was king of Salem, that is, king of peace. Psal. lxxii. 3. “The mountains shall bring peace unto the people.” Ver. 7. “In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.” Psal. xxxv. 10. “Righteousness and peace have kissed each other.” Isa. lii. 7. “How beautiful are the feet of him that publisheth peace.” Jer. xxxiii. 6. “I will reveal unto them the abundance of truth and peace:” and many other places.'

The prince of peace indeed!

Next week's reading
Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'It is apparent by the prophecies of the Old Testament, that the Messiah was to offer a true and real atonement for the sins of men.'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

October 7, 2021

Types of the Messiah - Edwards - III

Required reading

Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'The things that are said of Solomon fall little, if any thing, short of those that are said of David...'

My summary
Today we read of types of the Messiah in the life of David, including
(i) as beloved;
(ii) as king;
(iii) as servant;
(iv) as saviour;
(v) as mediator;
(vi) as builder.

What grabbed me
David is a very good type of the Messiah: 'There is a yet more remarkable, manifest, and manifold agreement between the things said of David in his history, and the things said of the Messiah in the prophecies.'

Next week's reading
Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'The things that are said of Solomon fall little, if any thing, short of those that are said of David...'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

October 2, 2021

Types of the Messiah - Edwards - II

Required reading

Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'There is a yet more remarkable, manifest, and manifold agreement between the things said of David in his history and the things said of the Messiah in the prophecies.'

My summary
Today we continue Edwards' lists of types of the Messiah from the Old Testament, including from the lives of:
(i) Moses;
(ii) Joshua ;
(iii) Deborah;
(iv) Gideon;
(v) Samson.

What grabbed me
I always like drawing parallels from Samson to Christ: 'Samson, while his enemies are compassing him round, to destroy him, rises from sleep, and from midnight darkness, and takes away the strength and fortification of the city of his enemies, the gate of the city, which his enemies shut and barred fast upon him to confine him, and the two posts, bar and all, and put them on his shoulders, and carried them up to the top of a hill. Judg. xvi. 3. So the prophecies represent the Messiah, when compassed round by his enemies, rising from the sleep of death, and emerging out of the thick darkness of his sorrows and sufferings, spoiling his enemies, and ascending into heaven, and leading captivity captive. Samson was betrayed and sold by Delilah, his false spouse or companion. So the prophecies do represent the Messiah as sold by his false and treacherous people. Samson was delivered up into the hands of his enemies, and was mocked and derided, and very cruelly treated by them; agreeably to what is foretold of the Messiah. Samson died partly through the cruelty and murderous malice of his enemies, and partly from his own act: agreeably to what is foretold of the Messiah. Ibid. § 51, 58, 59, 72. Samson at his death destroyed his enemies, and the destruction he made of his enemies was chiefly at his death; which is agreeable to Isa. liii. 10-12. and Psal. lxviii. 18. Samson overthrew the temple of Dagon, which is agreeable to what the prophecies say of the Messiah’s overthrowing idols and idol worship in the world. Samson destroyed his enemies suddenly in the midst of their triumph over him, so that their insulting him in the prospect of his destruction, instantly issues in their own destruction; agreeably to Isa. xxix. 5-8.'

Great salvation through the death of a great judge!

Next week's reading
Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'The things that are said of Solomon fall little, if any thing, short of those that are said of David...'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

September 25, 2021

Types of the Messiah - Edwards - II

Required reading

Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'The things that are said of the burning bush, do wonderfully agree with the Old-Testament representations of the Messiah.'

My summary
Today we continue Edwards' lists of types of the Messiah from the Old Testament, including from:
(i) the manna in the wilderness;
(ii) Joshua's battles;
(iii) Deborah's victory;
(iv) Gideon's victory;
(v) destruction of Sennacherib and Babylon;
(vi) Baalm's prophecies;
(vii) the flood;
(viii) the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah;
(ix) the life of Joseph.

What grabbed me
I always enjoy considering Joseph in the light of Christ: 'The manner of Joseph’s comforting his brethren in the manifestations and fruits of his special and peculiar love, his bringing them near him, making known himself to them as theirs in a near relation, his treating them with such great tenderness, his embracing them, his manifesting so great a concern for their welfare, his putting such honour upon them before the Egyptians, his entertaining them with a sumptuous joyful feast in his house and at his own table, his clothing them with change of raiment, his bringing them into his own land and there giving them a goodly inheritance, plentifully providing for them in Goshen, a land of light; all is remarkably agreeable to descriptions given in the prophecies of the manner of God’s comforting, blessing, exalting, and manifesting his great favour to his church, after her long-continued sin and sorrows, in the days of the Messiah’s kingdom, in places too many to be enumerated. Joseph’s brethren at this time are like them that dream, Gen. xlv. 3,. &c. which is agreeable to what is said of the church of God, when delivered and comforted by the Messiah. Psalm cxxvi. 1. “When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream.” There is joy in Pharaoh’s court among his servants and nobles on the occasion of Joseph’s receiving his brethren. Gen. xlvi. 16. Answering to this in Isaiah xliv. 22, 23. “I have redeemed thee. Sing, O ye heavens; for the Lord hath done it.” And chap. xlix. 13. “Sing, O heaven, and be joyful, O earth for the Lord hath comforted his people.” And Psalm cxlviii. 4. “Praise him, ye heaven of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens,” with verses 13, 14. “Let them praise the name of the Lord: for his name alone is excellent; his glory is above the earth and heaven. He also exalteth the horn of his people.”'

Next week's reading
Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'There is a yet more remarkable, manifest, and manifold agreement between the things said of David in his history and the things said of the Messiah in the prophecies.'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

September 18, 2021

Types of the Messiah - Edwards - I

Required reading

Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) - Read up to the paragraph beginning with 'It is an argument that the manna God gave the children of Israel was a type of something spiritual...'

My summary
Today we begin a new work on types of the Messiah.

Edwards teaches us that the things of the Old Testament are types of things appertaining to the Messiah and his kingdom and salvation, made manifest from the Old Testament itself.

He piles up examples including from the lives of:
(i) Adam;
(ii) Moses;
(iii) Jonah;
(iv) David;
(v) Samuel.

Edwards begins showing how different prophecies and things (e.g. redemptions) point to the Messiah and his kingdom and salvation.

What grabbed me
I appreciated Edwards' comments on the prophecy in Genesis: 'It is much more reasonably and credibly supposed, that God should through the ages of the Old Testament be very much in typifying things pertaining to the Messiah and his salvation, not only in prophecies, but also in types; because we find in fact, that at the very beginning of God’s revealing the Messiah to mankind, prophecies and types went together in the first prophecy of the Messiah, and the first proper prophecy that ever was in the world, God foretold and typified the redemption both together, when God said to the serpent, Gen. iii. 15. “I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed. It shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.” This is undoubtedly a prediction of the Messiah’s victory over Satan, and his suffering from Satan, and of the Messiah’s people’s victory and deliverance through him. And none can reasonably question but that here is also some respect had to that enmity there is between mankind and serpents, and the manner of serpents wounding mankind and of men’s killing them; for God is here speaking concerning a beast of the field that was ranked with the cattle, as appears by the foregoing verse. And this state of things with respect to serpents, was plainly ordered and established in these words. But if we suppose that both these things were intended in the same words, then undoubtedly one is spoken of and ordained as a representation of the other. If God orders and speaks of the bruising of a serpent’s head, and thereby signifies the Messiah’s conquering the devil, that is the same thing as God’s ordering and speaking of the bruising of a serpent’s head as a sign, signification, or (which is the same thing) type of his conquering the devil. And in what is said to the serpent, ver. 14. “Thou art cursed above all cattle, and above ever; beast of the field: upon thy belly shall thou go, and dust shall thou eat all the days of thy life;” it is evident that God speaks concerning that serpent that was a beast of the field. And yet it is also evident by the Old Testament, that he has respect to something pertaining to the state of the devil, that should be brought to pass by the Messiah; as by Isa. lxv.25. “The wolf and the lamb shall feed together; and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock, and dust shall be the serpent’s meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain;” compared with Isa. xi. 1-9. together with Isa. xxvii. 1. and Zech. iii. 1, 2,. &c. Thus the very first thing that was ordered and established in this world after the fall, was a type of the Messiah, and was ordered as such: which argues that typifying of the Messiah is one principal way of God’s foreshowing him. And as types and prophecies of the Messiah began together, so there is reason to think that they have kept pace one with another ever since.'

From the beginning, the lamb was slain.

Next week's reading
Continue Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) by reading up to the paragraph beginning with 'The things that are said of the burning bush, do wonderfully agree with the Old-Testament representations of the Messiah.'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

September 11, 2021

Miscellaneous Observations - Edwards - VIII - Heaven concluded

Required reading

Miscellaneous Observations in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) - Conclude 'Heaven'.

My summary
Today we finish the thoughts on heaven, and particularly the happiness of the saints in heaven.  We hear about:
(i) the feast of heaven;
(ii) the watching of God's mercies to the saints still on earth;
(iii) Christ as head;
(iv) the judgement of the saints;
(v) the glory of the saints compared to the glory of the angels;
(vi) the rewards before the resurrection.

What grabbed me
I liked this point about God's work of redemption: 

'Therefore we may well suppose, that very much of Christ’s happiness in heaven consists in beholding the glory of God appearing in the work of redemption; and so in rejoicing in his own work, and reaping the sweet fruit of it, the glorious success of it, which was the joy that was set before him. And as the apostle represents the future happiness of the saints by a participation of God’s rest and Christ’s rest from their works, Heb. iv. 4-11. This seems to argue two things, viz.

1. That the way that the saints will be happy in beholding the glory of God, will be very much in beholding the glory of his perfections in his works.

2. That the happiness of the saints in heaven, especially since Christ’s ascension, consisting in beholding God s glory, will consist very much in seeing his glory in the work of redemption. The happiness of departed saints under the Old Testament, consisted much in beholding the glory of God in the works of creation; in beholding which, “the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy. 535 ” But their happiness, since Christ’s ascension, consists much more in beholding the glory of God in the work of redemption, since the old creation, in comparison of this, is no more mentioned, nor comes into mind. But they will be glad and rejoice for ever in this work.'

Worthy is the Lamb, who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and praise!

Next week's reading
Commence Types of the Messiah in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) - Read up to the paragraph beginning with 'It is an argument that the manna God gave the children of Israel was a type of something spiritual...'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

August 28, 2021

Miscellaneous Observations - Edwards - VII - Heaven continued

Required reading

Miscellaneous Observations in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) - Continue 'Heaven' by reading up to '[934] Happiness of heaven. God doubtless will entertain his saints according to the state of the King of heaven, when he comes to entertain them at the feast that he has provided with such great contrivance and wonderful amazing exercises of infinite and mysterious wisdom...'

My summary
This week we learn more of Edwards' teachings on heaven including:
(i) the incorruptible nature of heaven;
(ii) that heaven is chiefly a habitation for Christ;
(iii) the glorification of heaven;
(iv) the light of heaven;
(v) heaven after judgement;
(vi) the conflagration;
(vii) who will make the heavens new.

What grabbed me
I liked this comment about Christ's return to heaven: 'Thus as the face of the earth rejoices at the return of the sun in the spring, and there is a great alteration in it, it puts on new beautiful garments of joy, and gladness, and welcomes the sun; and its renewed beauty is from the sun, from his diffused glory, and sweet vivifying influence, in which all the face of the earth rejoices; so it will be in heaven when Christ returns thither in his highest glory after the day of judgment, all heaven will rejoice, and put on new life, new beauty, and glory, to welcome him thither.'

A rich welcome for the King of Kings!

Next week's reading
Conclude 'Heaven'.

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

August 21, 2021

Miscellaneous Observations - Edwards - VI - Heaven continued

Required reading

Miscellaneous Observations in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) - Continue 'Heaven' by reading up to '[721] Happiness of heaven after the resurrection-Their external blessedness and delight.'

My summary
We continue hearing about heaven including:
(i) the delights of heaven;
(ii) the confirmation of heaven from suffering of Christ ;
(iii) the throne of God in new heavens and new earth;
(iv) the habitation of the church in heaven;
(v) Christ's reward in heaven;
(vi) the acquaintance of saints in heaven with what is done on earth.

What grabbed me
I loved the point about Christ's sufferings being a guarantee of our eternal happiness: 'God and Christ, who have begrudged nothing as too great to be done, too good to be given, as the means of the saints’ enjoyment of happiness, will not begrudge any thing in the enjoyment itself.'

He who did not spare his own Son, but gave him up for us all-- how will he not also, along with him, graciously give us all things?

Next week's reading
Continue 'Heaven' by reading up to '[934] Happiness of heaven. God doubtless will entertain his saints according to the state of the King of heaven, when he comes to entertain them at the feast that he has provided with such great contrivance and wonderful amazing exercises of infinite and mysterious wisdom...'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

August 14, 2021

Miscellaneous Observations - Edwards - V - Heaven continued

Required reading

Miscellaneous Observations in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) - Continue 'Heaven' by reading up to '[721] Happiness of heaven after the resurrection-Their external blessedness and delight.'

My summary
This week Edwards continues to make observations about heaven, including
(i) saints in heaven's knowledge of earthly events;
(ii) the happiness of those in heaven as they relate to Christ;
(iii) meeting saints in heaven;
(iv) God's delight in his creatures;
(v) the happiness of the resurrected state compared to that of the current state of deceased believers.

What grabbed me
Edwards' suggestion that we will know one another in heaven led to a great application: 'This should move us to lay religion and virtue on the foundation of all our friendship, and to strive that the love we have to our friends be a virtuous love, duly subordinated to divine love; for, so far as it is so, it will last for ever. Death does not put an end to such friendship, nor can it put an end to such friends’ enjoyment of each other.'

Let's start work on our eternal relationships now! :)

Next week's reading
Continue 'Heaven' by reading up to '[917] New heavens and new earth - Consummation of all things - Progress of the work of redemption. Haven shall be changed and exalted to higher glory at the end of the world.'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.

August 7, 2021

Miscellaneous Observations - Edwards - IV - Heaven commenced

Required reading

Miscellaneous Observations in Vol 2 of the Works by Jonathan Edwards (Available from Amazon or free here) - Commence 'Heaven' by reading up to '[499] Hades-Separate spirits-Heaven-Hell.'

My summary
Today we begin hearing observations about heaven including:
(i) death and grief;
(ii) union with Christ;
(iii) happiness in heaven;
(iv) contemplation in heaven;
(v) love in heaven;
(vi) singing in heaven;
(vii) the light in heaven;
(viii) the resurrection of the church;
(ix) glory in heaven.

What grabbed me
Some interesting ideas from Edwards: 

'That the glorified spirits shall grow in holiness and happiness in eternity, I argue from this foundation, that their number of ideas shall increase to eternity. How great soever the number of their ideas when they are first glorified, it is but limited; and it is evident the time will come when they shall have lived in glory so long that the parts of duration, each equal to a million million ages, that they have lived, will be more in number than their ideas were at first. Now we cannot suppose that they will ever entirely forget every thing that has passed in heaven, and in the universe, for a whole million million of ages. It is undoubted that they never will have forgot what passed in their life upon earth, the sins they have been saved from, their regeneration, the circumstances which did heighten their mercies, their good works which follow them, their death, &c. They will without doubt retain innumerable multitudes of ideas of what passed in the first seventy years; so also they shall retain to eternity their ideas of what was done in the ages of the world, with relation to the church of God, and God’s wondrous providence with respect to the world of men; and can we then think that a whole million million ages of those great and most glorious things that pass in heaven shall ever be erased out of their minds? But if they retain but one idea for one such vast period, their ideas shall be millions of times more in number than when they first entered into heaven, as is evident, because by supposition the number of such ages will be millions of times more in number; therefore, their knowledge will increase to eternity; and if their knowledge, their holiness; for as they increase in the knowledge of God, and of the works of God, the more they will see of his excellency, and the more they see of his excellency, ceteris paribus, the more will they love him, and the more they love God, the more delight and happiness will they have in him. See Note on Is. lxxxix. 1,2. It will be objected that at this rate we might prove that the damned increase in perfection. I answer, No; for, though it is true that they shall increase in knowledge, they will increase in odiousness in the same proportion.'

I agree. Any memory of this world will promote love for God.

Next week's reading
Continue 'Heaven' by reading up to '[721] Happiness of heaven after the resurrection-Their external blessedness and delight.'

Now it's your turn
Please post your own notes and thoughts in the comments section below.